The Basics of Automobiles
An Automobile is a self-propelled vehicle used for transporting passengers and goods. It is a complex technical system with many subsystems having specific design functions. These include a body, chassis, engine, fuel system, transmission, electrical system, and emissions control systems.
Automobiles are an important part of everyday life and culture in the modern world. They offer freedom and flexibility in terms of travel, work opportunities, social interactions, and leisure time.
A modern automobile can be a single-passenger car, a family car, or a commercial truck. It is a sophisticated system that combines fuel efficiency with speed.
The body of a modern automobile is made from metal, plastics, or high-strength steels and alloys of nonferrous metals. It is often designed to conform to standards of safety, size and weight, appearance, and aerodynamics (ways to reduce the friction of airflow).
Engine – A car’s engine is its “heart.” The engine contains pistons that are cylinders and tubes that deliver gasoline or diesel to these cylinders. The number of cylinders in an engine determines how smoothly it will run and the power it can provide.
Independent Suspension – An automobile with an independent suspension system has wheels that move independently of each other. These are generally found on front axles or vehicles that have less weight in the rear.
Non-independent / Rigid Suspension – An automobile with a non-independent or rigid suspension is usually heavier and more expensive to produce than an independent system. It also has a tendency to be more unstable on uneven surfaces.