Automobiles are mobile machines designed to carry people and their possessions over long distances. Their design varies widely, but the basic systems share common features. The arrangement and choice of these features depends on the type of automobile, its intended use. For example, automobiles designed for off-road use need durable, simple systems that have high resistance to severe overloads and extreme operating conditions. Those designed for highway use need increased passenger comfort options and optimized high-speed handling and stability.
During the nineteenth century, automobiles developed rapidly. Karl Benz, a German engineer, is generally credited with inventing the first true automobile in 1885. However, many inventors and engineers contributed to the development of this important technology.
In addition to providing mobility, automobiles also offer the freedom of travel without having to rely on public transport. When you own a car, you don’t have to worry about getting to your bus stop or missing the bus. This freedom of movement can open up the world to you in terms of new work opportunities, larger social circles and a greater range of choices for where to live in relation to your job.
In recent years, automobiles have become increasingly a part of the fabric of society in the United States. Their influence is visible in the design of cities, the planning of police, fire, and utility services, and even such personal activities as vacation travel. In addition, the automotive industry pioneered mass production techniques, which are now used in virtually all manufacturing industries.